Understand everything about customs clearance and how it works
3 de June de 2022
When the import or export process takes place, it is necessary that the goods go through a process in which the regularity of the documents and of the product itself is verified. to this procedure, we give the name of customs clearance.
If you work or want to work with import and export, it is necessary to understand how this process works so that there are no surprises in the future. Therefore, Today Open Market will teach you everything you need to know about the subject. Good reading!
What is customs clearance?
Import customs clearance is a procedure through which the accuracy of the data declared by the importer in relation to the imported goods, the documents presented and the specific Brazilian legislation.
All merchandise that comes from abroad, definitively imported or not, subject or not to the payment of import taxes, must be submitted to customs clearance, which is carried out on the basis of the declaration presented to the customs unit.
How customs clearance works?
In summary, customs clearance works in 6 stages:
- the declaration record;
- the distribution;
- the parameterization;
- the delivery of documents;
- the customs conference;
- customs clearance and delivery of the goods.
All these steps have the main purpose of monitoring what enters and leaves the country, as well as compliance with specific legislation.
As 6 customs clearance steps
Customs clearance is carried out in several stages so that it is more efficient when it comes to filtering out any irregularities that may arise and ensure the efficiency of inspection.
Learn more about each of them below.:
1. Declaration registration
The declaration record is the document that initiates the customs clearance, where basic data about it is broken down: merchandise information, importer exporter, transaction regime, local, people involved and responsible etc..
currently, the entire process is electronic and automatically transferred to the Revenue system which will start the rest of the steps.
The process itself begins with the choice of the tax authority that will carry out the physical verification/release. It is responsible for that specific sequence and will follow every step from start to finish.
It is the moment when there is a first conference of information based on the parameters of the Siscomex (Integrated Foreign Trade System) in an automated way. in it, there will be a definition if the data submitted are regular and defines the necessary procedures. There are four channels that the dispatch can follow are:
- Verde: Customs Clearance is granted automatically, everything is ok with the goods and the documentation;
- Yellow: the process will undergo a documentary conference, there is something wrong such as non-conformity of information, omission, lack of required documents etc.;
- Red: the process will undergo a documental and physical conference. There may have been a discrepancy between the description and the product;
- Grey: irregularity is confirmed, dispatch will go through documentary conference, physical and special customs control procedure, to investigate the companies involved in the process. The merchandise can be confiscated and those responsible are summoned to be legally responsible for the process..
4. Re-delivery of documents
In the case of the red channel, the process goes back to the beginning, and it is necessary to adapt and re-deliver all documentation.
5. customs conference
After documents pending resolved, the responsible authority sets the date for the final conference of the dispatch, physically and documentation.
6. Customs clearance and delivery
being all in order (documentation and merchandise), the authority, through the broker or representative of the importer, clear the goods.
from there, it is released for transport and customs delivery of the destination country.
The importance of customs clearance
As we saw, Customs clearance is a mandatory procedure required by the Federal Revenue Service when carrying out any type of import or export of products and goods.
Try-yourself, in the end, of a process whose main objective is to inspect and check these items.
However, Besides that, Customs clearance also aims to clear goods on arrival and departure from different nations. The idea is to make all these steps more standardized at each end of the transport.
Customs clearance is a mandatory process required by the Federal Revenue to carry out any type of import or export of products and goods..
Through this simplifying view, this procedure concentrates all the actions necessary to resolve in a single line the requirements and demands inherent to any type of process of the same nature.
It's in the customs clearance, for example, that the agreement between products and documentation is verified, the veracity of the information declared, beyond the collection of related taxes to pay customs fees.
So that you have a more efficient and headache-free import and export process, contact Open Market and find out how we can help you.
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